Afghanistan: The Next Theatre in the U.S.-Iran Conflict

Syed Ali Zia Jaffery  Since the momentous events of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, ties between Iran and the U.S. have followed a predictable pattern, typified by acrimony and recrimination....

Sunderji Syndrome: Understanding India’s Conventional Military Modernization

Muhammad Sharreh Qazi  “Dreams of ‘disarming first strikes’ leading to the temptation to ‘go first’ and the consequent instability of Small Nuclear Power equations are think-tank myths”        ...

Creating an Ecosystem of RMB in Pakistan

Lu Yang China has become Pakistan’s largest trading partner, largest country of origin of imports, largest foreign direct investor and the third largest export destination, while Pakistan has become China’s...

The Rafale Factor and Options for the PAF

Air Cdre Jamal Hussain (Retd) The setback suffered by the IAF at the hands of its arch-rival the PAF on 27 February 2019, has led to serious introspection by the...

Changing Dynamics of Air Warfare in South Asia

Kaiser Tufail  The Balakot strike by IAF on 26 February 2019, and PAF’s ‘Swift Retort’ a day later, can be considered watershed events in modern aerial warfare. Though the IAF...

2019: The Year that Russia’s South Asian “Balancing” Act became Unbalanced

Andrew Korybko  2019 will be remembered as the year that Russia’s South Asian “ balancing” act finally became unbalanced. Everything started off promising enough as Moscow continued its policy of...

Was Kargil a Nuclear Crisis?

Rizwan Zeb  In his paper documenting US’ diplomacy during the Kargil conflict, Bruce Riedel claimed that the Americans had reports that Pakistan was preparing its nuclear missiles for a possible...

Of Irresponsibility and War-Fighting: India’s No, First Use Doctrine

Syed Ali Zia Jaffery  In the midst of mounting tensions between nuclear-armed rivals, India and Pakistan, apprehensions about deterrence stability on the Sub-Continent have risen. Days after the start of...

Militarization of Artificial Intelligence

Shaza Arif  Artificial Intelligence is very difficult to define, however the most elementary way of defining it would be: To program machines in such a way that their efficiency surpasses...

Mutual Vulnerability and Risk Reduction in South Asia

Hannah Haegeland The current state of affairs in Kashmir and resulting heightening of India-Pakistan tensions provide daily examples of escalation risks. Since 1998, the low-probability, high-cost risk of escalation across...

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Pakistan, Lawfare, and the Fight for Kashmir

Hassan Aslam Shad Media was rife with reports last week about the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopting a Pakistan-sponsored resolution on the peoples’ right...

Of Internal Reforms and External Connectivity:Strengthening Economic Security in Pakistan.

Javed Hassan While national security of Pakistan is inextricably linked to its military preparedness, it has other dimensions that relate more to its economic health...

Hangor Day: A Glorious Reminiscence

Hassan Zaib After gaining independence, Pakistan realized that, in order to endure and safeguard . freedom, it ought to attain a strategic wherewithal to thwart...
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