Creating an Ecosystem of RMB in Pakistan

Lu Yang China has become Pakistan’s largest trading partner, largest country of origin of imports, largest foreign direct investor and the third largest export destination, while Pakistan has become China’s...

The Rafale Factor and Options for the PAF

Air Cdre Jamal Hussain (Retd) The setback suffered by the IAF at the hands of its arch-rival the PAF on 27 February 2019, has led to serious introspection by the...

Changing Dynamics of Air Warfare in South Asia

Kaiser Tufail  The Balakot strike by IAF on 26 February 2019, and PAF’s ‘Swift Retort’ a day later, can be considered watershed events in modern aerial warfare. Though the IAF...

2019: The Year that Russia’s South Asian “Balancing” Act became Unbalanced

Andrew Korybko  2019 will be remembered as the year that Russia’s South Asian “ balancing” act finally became unbalanced. Everything started off promising enough as Moscow continued its policy of...

Was Kargil a Nuclear Crisis?

Rizwan Zeb  In his paper documenting US’ diplomacy during the Kargil conflict, Bruce Riedel claimed that the Americans had reports that Pakistan was preparing its nuclear missiles for a possible...

Of Irresponsibility and War-Fighting: India’s No, First Use Doctrine

Syed Ali Zia Jaffery  In the midst of mounting tensions between nuclear-armed rivals, India and Pakistan, apprehensions about deterrence stability on the Sub-Continent have risen. Days after the start of...

Militarization of Artificial Intelligence

Shaza Arif  Artificial Intelligence is very difficult to define, however the most elementary way of defining it would be: To program machines in such a way that their efficiency surpasses...

Mutual Vulnerability and Risk Reduction in South Asia

Hannah Haegeland The current state of affairs in Kashmir and resulting heightening of India-Pakistan tensions provide daily examples of escalation risks. Since 1998, the low-probability, high-cost risk of escalation across...
Harm

Afghanistan’s Election Could Do More Harm Than Good

Rupert Stone Afghans went to the polls on September 28 to vote in their country’s fourth presidential election since 2001. The election, which had been delayed twice already, may not...
Brinksmanship

Book Review | India’s Surgical Strike Stratagem: Brinkmanship and Response

Author:Dr. Zafar Nawaz Jaspal ISBN: 978-969-23370-0-7 Ahmed Saeed Minhas The book, ‘India’s Surgical Strike’s Stratagem: Brinkmanship and Response’ has been authored by one of Pakistan’s ace nuclear South Asia scholars, Zafar Nawaz...

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Afghanistan: The Next Theatre in the U.S.-Iran Conflict

Syed Ali Zia Jaffery  Since the momentous events of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, ties between Iran and the U.S. have followed a predictable pattern,...

Sunderji Syndrome: Understanding India’s Conventional Military Modernization

Muhammad Sharreh Qazi  “Dreams of ‘disarming first strikes’ leading to the temptation to ‘go first’ and the consequent instability of Small Nuclear Power equations are...

Pakistan’s Mediation Challenge in the Middle East

Aisha Saeed  The current turmoil in the Middle East predates the recent developments in the region. Home to several Arab countries that are closely knit...
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